REMEDy integrates the remediation industry

The Polish remediation sector has not yet developed a coherent industry representation or experience exchange forum for entities involved in soil contamination removal processes. Efforts to change this situation were taken by the organizers of REMEDy - the first Polish conference integrating the remediation environment.
Piotr Pietruszyński

The lack of a strong, organized industry environment in the remediation sector means that legislation in this area is ambiguous, while the exchange of knowledge and experience between stakeholders and their cooperation is difficult. The organizers of the first conference in Poland dedicated to the remediation industry and cooperating entities attempted to change this picture.


Panelists of the REMEDy conference discussed Polish remediation regulations from the practical point of view, as well as legal solutions and experience of other countries, including Italy, Great Britain and United States. Much attention was also paid to technological issues and innovations in this area as well as to establishing dialog between representatives of the remediation industry.

Ambiguous legal regulations

Monika Rzeźniczak, technical director at Lion Environmental, talked about the most common problems with the interpretation of legal regulations concerning contaminated areas in Poland and the technical and organizational problems resulting from this fact.


Example? "It often happens that in the local spatial development plan, for example, industrial functions with a possible commercial function are indicated. According to the current interpretation of the law, such land should be treated as a potential commercial area regardless of the investment project"- says Monika Rzeźniczak. "If the investor intends to allocate a plot of land for production activities, should he still compare the results of land quality analyses with the most stringent standards for first category land?" - she wonders. According to Monika Rzeźniczak, it is difficult to talk about economic legitimacy here. Remediation works should consider the nature of the activity that the investor intends to conduct in a given area.


Risk assessment and environment state results from legal conditions and constitute a mandatory element of the remediation plan project. Katarzyna Klukowska, a specialist in geology and the environment at CDM Smith, talked about the evaluation procedure and problems caused by current legal situation. In her opinion, the Polish legal infrastructure describing remediation processes leaves many understatements.


Confirmation of contamination means that "substances that pose risk are present in our area in excessively abnormal volume" - Klukowska explains. However, the problem arises when the permissible level of substances in the ground should be established, especially when they are not listed in the Annex to the Ordinance of the Minister of the Environment of 1 September 2016 concerning method of ground surface contamination assessing. Why? Because, according to Klukowska, the guidance on substances that are not included in the Regulation is unclear. "Everything we do results from the subjective evaluation of a given expert. I can, for example, consider that there is significant pollution in a given area; someone else, guided by slightly different guidelines, will say that there is no such threat. We do not know whether the analysis should be of a qualitative or quantitative nature. The effect of such ambiguity is unfortunately the possibility of manipulating arguments"- she says. There are no unambiguous criteria and standards for groundwater, which makes it very difficult to assess the occurrence of threats.


In this context, the opportunity to compare legal and administrative solutions used in other countries is particularly valuable. Piotr Kociołek, director for environmental protection at Panattoni Europe, presented the principles of law regulating remediation of land in Italy: from the definition and administrative procedures, through the participation of individual stakeholders in the process of remediation, up to the applicable quality standards for both soil and groundwater.


"The Italian remediation market is well-developed, there are various technical solutions available" - claims Piotr Kociołek. Among the positive features of the Italian system, among other things he indicates: the possibility of applying local standards regarding threshold concentrations, or the competence and organizational support of external services even for small municipalities, which on their own would have difficulty in substantively dealing with remediation.


Not only Italian example was presented. The British experience in the context of implementation of the Water Framework Directive was spoken by Robin MacDonald, and on the policy of protection of groundwater in conditions of water shortage - Andre Chiaradia, American expert on environmental protection and health and safety.

New remediation technologies

Part of the Remedy conference dedicated to new remediation technologies presented, inter alia, innovative applications of dispersive, colloidal (liquid) activated carbon, with which the groundwater pollution can be effectively removed. "We create technologies that are directly injected into the ground to remedy contaminated areas" says Gareth Leonard, Managing Director at the European branch of Regenesis. "One of our latest solution is liquid activated carbon [...]. We have created it to help the biological degradation of organic contamination". The speaker described advantages of this technology, the correct distribution of the substance and its application depending on the type and degree of soil permeability, or the long-term effectiveness of activated carbon depending on the scale of pollution in a given area.


Gareth Leonard also presented other modern methods of groundwater remediation on site (in situ), for example: combined adsorption and increased biological degradation, aerobically accelerated self-cleaning of groundwater, increased chloride reduction and chemical oxidation. Each of the techniques depends on the time, place and specificity of the land. Good results are achieved by combining individual activities and their proper distribution over time, in particular in the case of areas with a high level of pollution, eg oil-derived hydrocarbons. The REMEDy participants had the opportunity to learn about specific case studies on the actual use of innovative remediation techniques discussed by Gareth Leonard.

REMEDy Conference 2018

The first Polish conference addressed to the remediation industry and cooperating entities was held on September 26 in Warsaw by Lion Environmental, a consulting company operating in the field of environmental engineering and health and safety as the main initiator of the event. The general partner of REMEDy was ERM - a company providing consulting services in such areas as: environment, health and safety.

"In my opinion, the biggest challenge for the industry is now comprehensive and reliable inventory of contaminated areas, then balancing the interests of the participants in the process, to achieve the required environmental effect while maintaining a balance of work inputs and financial outlays. Dialogue in the remediation environment is necessary to develop clear procedures, in accordance with the principles of sustainable development" - emphasized Karolina Motyka, the main specialist of the Regional Directorate for Environmental Protection in Wrocław.

"Our conference has shown that there are a lot of topics that might require legal changes. Some of them are also interesting for the government side, which is why it is worth going out with a bottom-up initiative. Of course, the voice of the remediation industry would have much greater significance if it were expressed through, for example, a trade association"- says Agnieszka Skorupińska, attorney, leader of environmental protection practice at the CMS law firm.


Piotr Kociołek

Environmental Director Europe, Panattoni Development Europe
Piotr Kociołek: born in Poland, living in Italy. A graduate of the Faculty of Chemistry at the University of Turin. All his career concentrates on environmental science, for 24 years Piotr has been working as an environmental consultant, and since 2016 he is a an European Director of Environmental Protection for Panattoni Development Europe. He is a full Member of the British IEMA (Institute of Environmental Management and Assessment). Piortr’s main scope of professional experience is as following: environmental site assessments for industrial and commercial facilities (Phase I ESA (environmental site assessment), Phase II ESA, EDD (environmental due diligence)), planning and implementation of remediation projects, including estimation and calculation of environmental / remedial costs related to transactions (M&A - mergers and acquisitions).

Andre Chiaradia

Independent Professional
Grant Coordinator
Directed Brownfields grants and grant development providing assistance to municipalities, non-profits and political entities in the acquisition, disposition, and redevelopment of contaminated properties.
Regulator/Remediation Manager
Administrator and regulator for environmental releases under the US Federal Superfund program, CERCLA, Arizona State Superfund program and WQARF (Water Quality Assurance Revolving Fund). Stakeholder representative at US Department of Defense sites, Formerly Used Defense Sites, and Military Munitions Response Project Sites.
Director of Environmental Health and Safety
Developed and maintained safety and environmental programs to ensure compliance with requirements for projects and staff.
Provided training in environmental, health and safety and regulatory compliance. Services conducted for: manufacturing entities, energy produces, Federal Facilities, Department of Defense, health care, pharmaceutical producers, higher education institutions and life science companies."

Robin MacDonald

Chair, Environmental Industries Commission
Over 25 years in the environmental testing sector. Founded Mountainheath, a specialist laboratory offering trace level organics analysis, primarily to the water and contaminated land industries, with emphasis on low level pesticide testing. Currently chair of the Environmental Industries Commission (EIC) Environmental Laboratories Working Group

Jakub Kraczkiewicz
Principal Consultant
Jakub Kraczkiewicz is a Certified Hydrogeologist and Principal Consultant at ERM Poland. He has been with the Site Investigation and Risk Assessment / Remediation Management Team since 2007. Before joining ERM, he worked for 8 years at Hydrogeotechnika Sp. z o.o. on Site Investigation and Remediation projects. His professional experience comprises Remedial Planning, Design and Operations, Risk-Based Remediation Limitation and Closure, Contaminant Fate and Transport Modelling, as well as Site Investigation including Baseline/Exit Studies and Phase I & II Environmental Due-Diligence Assessments. Jakub has participated in over 50 Site Investigation and Remediation projects in Poland and other European countries.

Agnieszka Skorupińska
Attorney at law, Head of Environmental Law Practice, CEE and Poland, CMS
Agnieszka Skorupińska, legal attorney from CMS Law Office. Heading Environmental Law Practice in Poland and CEE. Adviser with respect to regulatory issues, in the investment projects and environmental aspects of transactions. She represents her clients in administrative and court proceedings regarding environmental law. She lead projects concerning: historical soil surface contamination, environmental damage, baseline report, environmental permits, protection of air quality (including EU ETS), waste and water management, noise management and REACH.
She worked for companies from the energy, chemical, metallurgic, cement, construction, waste, FMCG, water and sewage, renewable energy and other sectors. In 2014, awarded in the Dziennik Gazeta Prawna daily's ranking ""Rising Stars Lawyers - leaders of tomorrow"". In the Chambers Europe ranking, recommended as a lawyer specializing in environmental protection law since 2013.

Agata Godlewska-Hejduk
Senior Consultant, ERM Polska
Agata Godlewska-Hejduk works in ERM Polska as a Senior Consultant in a team dealing with the issues of contaminated areas. She has 10 years professional experience in design, supervision and documentation of hydrogeological work (authorization no. V-1710). Agata is a graduate of the Faculty of Geology of the University of Wroclaw (2005) and the Faculty of Chemistry at the University of Wroclaw (2010). In 2013, she completed post-graduate studies "GIS and Modeling of Underground Water Flow". Specializes in recognition of the ground and water environment (including Due Diligence audits, Phase II Environmental Site Assessment), groundwater monitoring and supervision of remediation and geological works. She gained her experience working in international companies dealing with environmental consulting, including working in Great Britain.

Katarzyna Klukowska
Specialist in geology and the environment
Katarzyna Klukowska has nearly 14 years professional experience in the field of geology and hydrogeology. Frequently participated in geological and remediation project, environmental assessments, geological-engineering documentation proceedings, hydrogeological and soil research. Experienced in field and laboratory tests of soil and groundwater. Her experience is confirmed by geological authorizations in following categories: V (hydrogeological), VII (geological-engineering) and XI (geological supervision). She managed projects for large companies from road, fuel and gas sectors as well as for housing and hydrotechnical

Monika Rzeźniczak
Technical Director, Lion Environmental
Monika Rzeźniczak is an Environmental Consultant and Technical Director in Lion with experience in Environmental Site Assessments (ESAs), Compliance Audits and Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs). Monika focuses on contaminated land assessments and environmental liabilities. Her experience comprises numerous Phase I and II Environmental Auditing projects and water supply and management guidance. During her experience as an Environmental Consultant she managed Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and EIA for Natura 2000 projects for oil and gas industry. She was also involved in extensive environmental and water management studies. She gained an experience in planning and agreeing offshore investment in Poland.

Gareth Leonard
Managing Director, Regenesis in Europe
Gareth is the Managing Director of Regenesis in Europe, in which role he manages a dedicated team of in situ remediation specialists to provide the design and implementation of remedial solutions for contaminated groundwater, on behalf of environmental consultants, remediation contractors and site owners. Gareth has worked in the remediation industry for 17 years. He joined REGENESIS Europe in 2006 as the District Manager of the UK and Scandinavia, in which role he successfully managed all product sales, services and customer support across the region. Prior to REGENESIS, Gareth gained his expertise as a Senior Project Manager at a remediation contracting firm and as a Lead Drilling Fluids Engineer in offshore oil exploration. Gareth holds a Certificate of Technical Competence (4TMHCL), a MSc in Environmental Chemistry from the University of Northumbria at Newcastle, and a BSc (Hons) in Geology from the University of Leeds.

Dariusz Piotrowski
Technical Director and Head of Geotechnical Laboratory, i2 Analytical
10 years experience in environmental protection laboratory, currently working as a V-ce Technical Director and Head of Geotechnical Laboratory at i2 Analytical; has long experience at laboratory analisys of inorganics and asbestos (P401 certificate since 2012); co-founder and originator of several sections and many projects for improvement of laboratory operations.

Sebastian Stachowski
Managing Director of Lion Environmental
Sebastian Stachowski is an Environmental Consultant currently working as a Managing Director of Lion Environmental. During his career he focused on contaminated land assessment, permitting and environmental auditing. Sebastian ran several Environmental Site Assessment, Environmental Due Diligence and Compliance Audits in Poland and Belgium. Sebastian also participated in design of an ex-situ remediation project and performance of in-situ DNAPL (Dense Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid) remediation based in Italy. Sebastian has managed several environmental studies such as baseline studies and feasibility studies relating to selection of investment location, water sourcing and wastewater management as well as .Environmental Impact Assessment reports.